The development of a transport system for NASA that could be reused in the main components began in 1972 at North American Rockwell and a number of other companies. The total weight of the space shuttle ready for launch is 2,055 tons. It can carry a payload of 30 t in orbit up to 965 km above the earth. The orbiter prototype, the Enterprise, was completed in 1976. The Enterprise was used to investigate the flight and landing characteristics in the atmosphere and to develop the space-compatible ferry. The first launch of a space shuttle into space took place on 12 April 1981 with the Columbia space shuttle. With the completion of further orbiter aircraft from 1983 onwards, NASA intensified its scientific experimental and military strategic activities considerably together with the US Air Force. Communication and research satellites were transported into space, repairs carried out on site and the American space station set up and supplied. The Challenger was first launched into space on April 4, 1983. The Discovery took off for the first time on 30 August 1984. Since 3 October 1985, the fourth space shuttle, Atlantis, has been deployed on 26 missions. The Endeavour made its first launch on 7 May 1992. This ferry was equipped with numerous new devices and computers and was therefore more powerful overall. The orbiter can remain in space for a maximum of 28 days. The enormous structural and thermal stresses during take-off and landing require constant checks and maintenance of all components as well as the improvement of the equipment. The heat shield on the front and underside of the space shuttle is particularly affected and must be constantly monitored and repaired. Two tragic accidents, in which the entire crew was killed, resulted in the loss of the Challenger in 1986 and the Columbia in 2003. After a two-year interruption and extensive modifications to the orbiter and main tank, the flights continued. With its landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California on August 9, 2005, the 31st Discovery flight and NASA's 114th Space Shuttle mission was successfully completed. With the resumption of the shuttle flights, the expansion of the International Space Station ISS will be continued over the next few years. The European space laboratory Columbus is also to be part of this.
- Cargo doors to be opened - Movable transport arm - External fuel tank with two solid rockets - Mobile launch pad - Three detailed rocket engine output stages
Great decals: - Orbiter Enterprise , Discovery , Atlantis , Endeavour before 1998 - Orbiter Enterprise , Discovery , Atlantis , Endeavour after 1998
Recommended age: 10+. Number of parts: 97 Length: 437 mm height: 437 mm
Main colours: 36105 36109 36117 36179 36301 36302 36371 36382